La Sapienza University of Rome has estimated that 8 out of 10 anaemic children suffer from iron deficiency anaemia. Iron is vital for our body: it plays role in the oxygen-carrying action of red cells, contributes to a normal immune response, cognitive brain functions, the energy metabolism, and the formation of blood hemoglobin.
Some visible symptoms in children can be associated with anaemia: paleness, recurring infections, poor appetite, unexpected quietness, slow growth, and pale eyes.
If you notice two or more of these signs your child may be affected by anaemia. To clear any doubts and take further appropriate action ask your pediatrician for further information and tests to confirm the diagnosis. Iron deficiency may sometimes occur during puberty when there is not enough iron in the diet to respond to the rapid growth and an increased body mass index and due to blood loss in girls during their menstrual cycle.